since 1997 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Maintenance instruction
+ Current leaving and service
Compression check in engine cylinders
Engine check by means of the vacuum gage
Removal and installation of the bottom cover of an impellent compartment
Removal and engine/RKPP installation
+ Four-cylinder petrol engines 1.6, 1.8 of l
+ Diesel engines
+ Major maintenance
+ greasing System
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission and models with a full drive
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
4-cylinder engines of various types are applied to installation in the car. Engines have water cooling and settle down across an impellent compartment. The power unit is suspended above as a pendulum on two rezinometallichesky support. The torque is perceived by the support located below. Such fastening of the engine provides the minimum transfer of fluctuations on a body that promotes comfort increase.
The block of cylinders is executed from aluminum, cylinders are pressed and made of gray cast iron. At some engines the block is entirely executed from cast iron. The head of cylinders fastens to the block bolts. A head cast from aluminum, a saddle of valves steel, pressed. From steel also directing plugs of valves are executed. The pallet of a case is executed from an easy alloy. In a case the impellent oil necessary for greasing and cooling of the engine gathers.
At petrol engines fresh fuel – the air mix arrives on the one hand heads of cylinders, and products of combustion leave from the opposite side of a head. Such scheme provides fast gas exchange via inlet and final valves. At diesel engines with I aim economy of a place the inlet pipeline and a final collector heads of cylinders are located on the one hand.
Petrol engine of 1.6 l, diesel engine of 1.9 l: the camshaft located in a head of cylinders, is given in rotation by a gear belt from a cranked shaft. The camshaft through hydropushers actuates hanging vertically inlet and final valves. The diesel engine has direct injection which is carried out through located sideways at the block of cylinders the distributive fuel pump of a high pressure (TNVD) of distributive type. The pump is actuated by a gear belt.
Engine of 1.8 l: The engine has 3 inlet and 2 final valves. Inlet valves are actuated by one camshaft, final other shaft. The camshaft of final valves is given in rotation from a cranked shaft through a gear belt. For a drive of a camshaft of inlet valves it is connected by a chain to shaft of final valves. The Mnogoklapanny scheme provides the best filling of cylinders and more effective gas exchange that fuel – an air mix in turn promotes more effective use of energy. In engines of 1.8 l in capacity of 92 and 154 kW electrohydraulic adjustment of camshafts is applied. Adjustment of provision of a camshaft of inlet valves concerning a shaft of final valves depending on number of turns of the engine is thus carried out. Engines of 1.8 l in capacity 110, 132 and 154 kW have a turbo-supercharging.
All engines: Hydropushers provide automatic maintenance to constants of a klapanny gap that excludes need of adjustment at carrying out maintenance.
Greasing of engines is carried out by the oil pump placed in the pallet of a case. The oil pump by a chain from a cranked shaft is given in rotation. Oil the pump from a case moves via channels to bearings of cranked and distributive shaft, and also to working surfaces of cylinders.
The pump of cooling liquid is located sideways in the block of cylinders and is actuated by a gear belt of the mechanism of a gazoraspredeleniye. It is necessary to mean that the system of cooling should be all-the-year-round filled with an antifreeze and means mix for protection against corrosion, and also water with the low content of lime. The ridge maple belt actuates such auxiliary units, as the generator, the pump of the power steering and if there is a conditioner compressor.
For preparation and ignition fuel – an air mix serves the control system of the engine which is not demanding service. Adjustment of the moment of ignition or idling within maintenance is not required. It is necessary to change regularly only candles and an element of the air filter. At the diesel engine within maintenance replace the fuel filter.