Audi A3

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Audi A3
- Maintenance instruction
   Audi A3/S3 brand cars - the summary
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, tool and workplace equipment
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Engine start from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile himikaliya
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
   Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
   Arrangement of governing bodies and devices
   Keys, body locks with uniform management and the security alarm system
   Electric window regulators and rear-view mirrors
   Safety systems. Transportation of children
   Seats
   Luggage carrier
   Adjustable steering column
   Hand brake
   Automatic transmission
   The device of the acoustic help at a parking
   Lock of ignition and engine start
   Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems
   Traveling computer
   Switches and switches
   Tempostat
   Screen wipers and stekloomyvatel
   Ventilation, heater and conditioner of air of salon
   Elevating and movable panel крыши*
   Illumination of salon and luggage carrier
   Salon equipment
   Luggage carrier on a roof
   Running in
   Features of driving of the car and auxiliary systems (ABS, EDS, ASR, ESP)
   Trailer operation
   Fuelling and emergency unlocking of a cover of the refueling hatch
   Cowl
   Readjustment of headlights
   First-aid kit
   Sign of an emergency stop
   Set of the tool and jack
   Spare wheel
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission and models with a full drive
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Elektroskhema







Features of driving of the car and auxiliary systems (ABS, EDS, ASR, ESP)

GENERAL INFORMATION

Economically and ecologically optimum driving

Fuel consumption, environmental pollution, wear of the engine, brakes and tires depend on various factors.

The driving manner substantially defines profitability, toxicity of emissions and noise level.

Do not warm up the engine idling.


Warming up idling takes away a lot of time. And at a stage of warming up intensity of wear of the engine and level of toxicity of emissions are especially high. Therefore, as soon as the engine was got, at once begin movement, avoiding thus raised turns.

Avoid dispersals with completely squeezed out pedal of an accelerator.

Precisely dosing out pressing a pedal, it is possible to reduce essentially fuel consumption, having reduced at the same time environmental pollution and intensity of wear of rubbing details.

At movement avoid it is useless high turns. Be switched to an overgear as soon as possible, and on lowered only when without it operation of the engine can be broken.

For example, fuel consumption on the 2nd transfer more than twice higher, than at movement on the highest transfer. At the same time, thanks to decrease in turns of the engine, level of its noise decreases.

Whenever possible do not lead up speed to the maximum.


In process of accumulation of speed there is a superproportional increase in the fuel consumption, harmful emissions and noise level.

Movement should be whenever possible uniform, based on ability to expect a situation on the road.

Useless maneuvering with dispersals and braking is paid by the increased fuel consumption and environmental pollution.

Suppress the engine at delays in a way, caused by traffic conditions.

Specific conditions of operation
also affect fuel consumption.

The following situations are adverse concerning fuel consumption, for example:

High intensity of movement, especially on streets of big cities, with numerous traffic lights.

Movement with frequent stops, with start and engine warming up before each following departure.

Movement in a column on low gears, with rather large number of turns of the engine on unit of the passable way.

Planning the trips in advance, whenever possible avoid movement with frequent stops, movements in a column, etc. situations.

Certainly, fuel consumption depends also on factors which the driver cannot influence. Normally, for example, if the expense increases in the winter or at operation in difficult conditions (a bad condition of the carriageway, movement with the trailer etc.).

Specifications

economical fuel consumption and profitability are put in the car by its development and manufacturing. Special value was given to decrease in environmental pollution. For optimum realization and preservation of these qualities observe mentioned below recommendations:

Procedural maintenance see off according to the plan THAT

Service according to the plan guarantees not only constant readiness for operation, but also profitability, decrease in environmental pollution and durability.

Check pressure of air in tires each 4 weeks.

At pressure drop below norm resistance to a kacheniye increases. Thereof increases not only fuel consumption, but also wear of tires is accelerated. Dynamic properties of the car at the same time worsen.

Do not carry in a luggage carrier a useless ballast.

Especially at movement in the city, in need of frequent conversations, the mass of the car considerably influences fuel consumption.

Luggage carrier on a roof remove right after using.

Especially at high speed fuel consumption because of increase in aerodynamic resistance increases.

Consumers of a current include only if it is really necessary.

Heating of back glass, additional headlights, the fan of a heater and кондиционер* are characterized by essential consumption of capacity. The corresponding increase of load of the generator increases fuel consumption.

Regularly watch fuel consumption.

Fuel consumption check at each filling. It will allow to debug in due time, conducting to its overexpenditure.

Check oil level when filling.

The consumption of oil in an essential measure depends on loading and number of turns of the engine.

Authentically to judge a consumption of oil it is possible only after run of the first 5000 km.

The told belongs also to fuel consumption and engine capacity.

Normal operation of the catalytic converter of the fulfilled gases is a solving condition of operation of the car.

Therefore observance of the following rules is obligatory:

The car with the catalytic converter fill with only unleaded fuel.

Even disposable filling by etilirovanny gasoline conducts to deterioration of effect of operation of the converter.

If the car was maintained on unleaded fuel, surely replace the catalytic converter.

Never develop fuel to an empty tank on the car with the catalytic converter.

Violation of supply of fuel can lead to interruptions in ignition. Because of it not burned down fuel gets to system of production of the fulfilled gases. It can lead to an overheat and damage of the catalytic converter.

If during movement of the car there will be interruptions in ignition, falling of capacity and non-uniform operation of the engine, malfunction in ignition system can be the reason. In this case not burned down fuel can get to system of production of the fulfilled gases, and from there in the atmosphere. Besides, the catalytic converter can fail from an overheat. At once lower speed and eliminate malfunction on the next to HUNDRED Audi.

Do not pour oil in the engine above the maximum mark.

It is not necessary to tow the car for the purpose of engine start on distance over 50 m.

Leaving the car on parking, remember the following:

ATTENTION

As the catalytic converter heats up to high temperature, do not park the car on dry foliage and other, inflammable materials.



Movement on bad roads

In order to avoid damages of your car remember the following:

At arrival on a platform, a bordyurny stone, movement on bad roads etc. watch, that knots and details being under the bottom, for example, the spoiler and an exhaust pipe were not damaged.

It especially belongs to cars with a low suspension bracket (sports option) and at a full load of the car.

Braking

General provisions

New brake shoes should be earned extra and consequently on the first 400 km after replacement do not provide optimum braking. Decrease in efficiency of braking is compensated by the corresponding increase in effort at a brake pedal.
In a running in avoid strong braking, especially on very high speed, and also braking on steep slopes and descents (for example, passes).

Under certain conditions operation, for example, after journey on water, at a heavy rain or after a sink, the brake effect can decrease because of moistening, and in the winter even to come the icing of brake shoes or disks. In this case dry up brakes easy braking. Decrease in brake effect possibly also after a long break in using brakes at movement on the roads salted. First of all, remove a salt layer from brake disks and blocks easy with braking.

Emergence of corrosion of brake disks and pollution of slips are promoted by long idle standing of the car, insignificant run and low loadings of brake system.

At long low loading of brake system, and also at emergence of corrosion, for the purpose of restoration of continuous work of brakes, it is recommended to clear brake disks and blocks rather strong repeated braking at average speed of the car.

Carry out this braking it is possible only under favorable road conditions and provided that it will not represent danger to other participants of traffic.

The sudden increase in a course of a brake pedal is possible at refusal of one of contours of double-circuit brake system. In this case it is necessary to move slowly to the next to HUNDRED Audi, considering increase in effort at a pedal of a brake and a brake way.
Regularly check level of brake liquid.

About falling of level of liquid below norm fire of a control lamp of brake system or indication of the monitoring system of malfunctions автомобиля* signals (address to subsection Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems).

Amplifier of a brake drive

The amplifier of a brake drive acts only in the presence of the vacuum created by working engine. Therefore never allow car movements nakaty with the idle engine.

When the amplifier of a brake drive does not work, for example, because of its damage or need of towage of the car, the effort to a brake pedal should be is much bigger for the purpose of compensation of absent effect of strengthening.

Use of additional rugs under feet of the driver

Never and nothing should disturb using pedals. Therefore under feet it is impossible to place subjects which can slide off under pedals.

At malfunctions of brake system for braking the increase in a course of a pedal can be demanded.

At any time possibility of squeezing of pedals of coupling and an accelerator against the stop should be provided.

Possibility of free return of all pedals in a starting position should be guaranteed.

In a zone of pedals there should not be also foot rugs and other additional subjects covering a floor.

Therefore the rugs which are not coming into a zone of pedals and which can be fixed in order to avoid their shift are allowed to application only.

ATTENTION

In space for feet finding of any subjects as at sudden maneuvering or braking they can get to a zone of pedals is not allowed at all and you cannot manipulate pedals of a brake, coupling or an accelerator!



System of anti-blocking of brakes (ABS)

ABS considerably promotes increase of efficiency of safety of the car. Decided advantage of brake system with ABS in comparison with the usual is that wheels are not blocked even at emergency braking on the slippery road. Thanks to it in the maximum degree controllability and stability of the car remains.

It is impossible to count, however, that thanks to ABS the brake way will be less under any circumstances. At movement on gravel or the svezhevypavshy snow lying over the slippery road when and without that it is necessary to move extremely carefully and with the minimum speed, the brake way can even increase slightly.

Principle of action of ABS

At achievement of speed of the car about 6 km/h there is an automatic process of control. Thus it is possible to hear noise of operation of the pump.

At tendency of a wheel to blocking pressure in a brake drive of this wheel decreases. This process of regulation is appreciable by a pulsation of a brake pedal and is accompanied by characteristic noise manifestations. Thereby to the driver the warning signal about work of one or several wheels in a mode close to юзу is specially given. For providing in this mode of optimum effect of regulation by means of ABS hold a pedal of a brake pressed, and do not brake at all in some musclemen!

ATTENTION

No ABS can fall outside the limits the physically possible. Consider it, first of all on the slippery or wet road. At the first signs of a proskalzyvaniye of wheels, at once lower speed according to a road and transport situation.


The raised degree of safety should not provoke dangerous risk.

About malfunction of system of anti-blocking of brakes the control lamp signals – address to subsection Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems.

Electronic blocking of differential (EDS) *

EDS works together with ABS. EDS operates in an automatic mode – i.e. without participation of the driver.

By means of sensors of ABS supervises turns of driving wheels till the speed about 40 km/h (a forward drive) or 80 km/h (a full drive).

ABS brakes revolving wheels (for example, on the slippery carriageway), and on having the best coupling with the road of a wheel the raised rotating moment is transferred.

It is necessary to adhere to the following recommendations:

At a troganiye from a place press an accelerator pedal according to road conditions. At wheel pro-slipping (for example, one wheel on ice) press an accelerator pedal so that the car got under way from a place.

At acceleration on equally slippery roads on all width, for example, in ice and snow carefully press an accelerator pedal. Especially on front-wheel cars there is a probability of a probuksovyvaniye of driving wheels, despite EDS, and by that stability violations at movement.

EDS for short time is disconnected, that the disk brake of a braking wheel did not overheat at extraordinary high loading. Thus the car is ready for operation and has the same dynamic properties, as the car without EDS.

ATTENTION

The mode of driving should correspond to a condition of the carriageway and a road and transport situation. The raised degree of traffic safety caused by EDS, should not provoke dangerous risk!



Antiprobuksovochny system (ASR) *

ASR interferes with a probuksovyvaniye of driving wheels at a troganiye from a place and dispersal by decrease in a torque of the engine.
ASR works together with ABS in all range of speeds. At malfunction of ABS ASR will not work also.

ASR joins automatically at engine start. In need of it it is possible to include and disconnect in key pressing among switches – address to subsection Switches and switches.

At the disconnected system the control lamp of ASR burns. Address to subsection Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems.
Usually ASR should be always included. Only in certain, exceptional cases, in need of a proskalzyvaniye, it should be disconnected, namely:

– at movement with established emergency колесом*
– at movement with antisliding chains
– at movement on deep snow or friable soil
– in attempt to leave a vraskachka after jamming, and also
– at entrance on liftings with the extremely various extent of coupling of driving wheels (for example, under the left wheel – ice, under right – dry asphalt).
After that again turn on the device.

ATTENTION

The mode of driving should correspond to a condition of the carriageway and a road and transport situation. The raised degree of traffic safety caused by ASR, should not provoke dangerous risk!
Condition of continuous work of ASR is installation of identical tires on all four wheels of the car. Use of different tires can lead to decrease in engine capacity.


Electronic program of stabilization of course stability (ESP) *


ESP increases efficiency of control of dynamics of movement of the car in extraordinary situations, for example, at acceleration and on turns.

ESP expands the ABS/ASR functions and reduces danger of drift under any traffic conditions. Stability of the car thereby improves during movement.

ESP works in a combination to ABS in all range of speeds. At failure of ABS ESP will not work also.

ESP joins automatically at start of the engine and carries out self-diagnostics.

If necessary, ESP can be included and disconnected in key (ESP) pressing.

At disconnected ESP its control lamp burns. Address to subsection Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems.

Usually ESP should be always included. Only in certain exceptional cases, in need of a proskalzyvaniye, it is necessary to disconnect it, namely:

– at movement on deep snow or friable soil
– in attempt to leave in a swing after jamming.

After that again include ESP.

At disconnected ESP, remain in an operating mode of ABS and EDS.

Action principle

The electronic program of stabilization of course stability includes ABS, EDS and ASR. Along with received at operation of these devices as data, the monitor of ESP needs the additional parameters received by means of high-sensitivity sensors. Speed of rotation of the car round its vertical axis, cross-section acceleration, pressure is measured in system of a brake drive and an angle of rotation of operated wheels.

Intention of the direction of movement of the driver which is continuously compared to the actual operating mode of the car is determined by an angle of rotation of wheels and speed of the car. At divergences, for example, the beginning of drift of the car, ESP automatically brakes the corresponding wheel.

As a result of impact on a wheel when braking effective forces there is a car stabilization. At a tendency to drift of the back bridge of the car, influence of brake effort is carried out mainly on external in relation to the turn center a forward wheel. At a tendency to drift of a forward part of the car, the next is braked to the turn center a back wheel. Work of ESP is accompanied by noise.

ATTENTION

No ESP can fall outside the limits the physically possible. Remember it, first of all on the slippery or wet road.


The mode of driving should correspond to a condition of the carriageway and a road and transport situation. The raised degree of safety caused by ESP, should not provoke dangerous risk!

Full drive (quattro) *

The full drive of your car works in an automatic mode.

The torque is distributed automatically, in optimum compliance with dynamics of movement of the car and specific road conditions.

Thanks to the all-wheel drive configuration developed with orientation to big engine capacity, your Audi is extraordinary effective car with excellent road performance, as under normal conditions the carriageway, and in extreme conditions, during snow or ice.

Surely observe the following safety rules:

ATTENTION

The mode of driving should correspond to a condition of the carriageway and a concrete road and transport situation. The raised degree of safety, models with a full drive and ABS, should not provoke dangerous risk!


Brake possibilities are limited to coupling of tires with the road and differ nothing from brake possibilities of the car with two driving wheels.

Therefore the high dynamics of dispersal remaining even on a slippery covering, never should provoke to abuse of high speeds.

Moving on the wet road, remember that at too high speed emerging (hydroplaning) of forward wheels is possible. Thus, unlike front-wheel cars, the beginning of emerging is not characterized by sudden increase in number of turns of the engine. Therefore avoid too high speeds, choosing them according to specific road conditions.

Movement on dirt roads

Audi is not the car of the increased passableness. The road gleam is for this purpose too small.

Winter tires

All-wheel drive cars even with serial tires in winter conditions have high traction and dynamic qualities. However for improvement of road performance and increase of efficiency of braking establish on all four wheels of the tire with winter drawing of a protector or the tires intended for any weather. Address also to subsection Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them. Designation of tires and disks of wheels.

Application of chains of antisliding

The rules ordering surely using chains of antisliding, extend as well on all-wheel drive cars. More detailed information on application of chains of antisliding is provided in the subsection Rotation and replacement of wheels. Antisliding chains.