Audi A3

since 1997 of release

Repair and car operation



Audi A3
- Maintenance instruction
   Audi A3/S3 brand cars - the summary
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, tool and workplace equipment
   Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
   Engine start from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile himikaliya
   Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
   Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
   Arrangement of governing bodies and devices
   Keys, body locks with uniform management and the security alarm system
   Electric window regulators and rear-view mirrors
   Safety systems. Transportation of children
   Seats
   Luggage carrier
   Adjustable steering column
   Hand brake
   Automatic transmission
   The device of the acoustic help at a parking
   Lock of ignition and engine start
   Control and measuring devices. Precautionary and diagnostic systems
   Traveling computer
   Switches and switches
   Tempostat
   Screen wipers and stekloomyvatel
   Ventilation, heater and conditioner of air of salon
   Elevating and movable panel крыши*
   Illumination of salon and luggage carrier
   Salon equipment
   Luggage carrier on a roof
   Running in
   Features of driving of the car and auxiliary systems (ABS, EDS, ASR, ESP)
   Trailer operation
   Fuelling and emergency unlocking of a cover of the refueling hatch
   Cowl
   Readjustment of headlights
   First-aid kit
   Sign of an emergency stop
   Set of the tool and jack
   Spare wheel
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission and models with a full drive
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Elektroskhema







Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems

GENERAL INFORMATION

The description of diagnostics of electronic control systems and diagnostic codes are provided in the section of System of electric equipment of the engine.

In this Section the simplest scheme of clarification of the reasons of malfunctions and the refusals occurring in knots and systems of a vehicle is offered. Refusals and their possible reasons are broken into groups on the basis of the relation to certain components or car systems, such as the engine, cooling system, etc., besides, in the text references to Sections and Subsections concerning these problems are given.

Remember that the successful conclusion of search of causes of defect at all is not the black magic available to only skilled professional mechanics, and is defined by a combination of a certain knowledge and a patient, systematic approach to problem research. To move always follows from simple to difficult, to lead up each check to the logic end and to try not to pass the obvious facts – everyone can forget to fill fuel in a fuel tank or to leave for the night included lighting devices.

And at last, always it is necessary to try to make an accurate picture of development of malfunction and to undertake the corresponding steps on recurrence prevention. If refusal of electric equipment was the result of violation of quality of contact, check at the same time a condition of all other contacts and electric sockets of system. If the same safety lock several times in a row continues to fuse, there is no sense in its further replacement – it is necessary to try to find out a cause of failure. Remember that failure of a minor component can be a sign of violation of functioning of more important knot or the whole system.

Engine


If the engine is not started, it is necessary to analyse a situation. That the engine in general could be started, should be satisfied two main conditions. In cylinders should arrive fuel – an air mix, and on a spark plug the spark should be developed. Therefore, first, it is necessary to check, whether fuel moves. As thus it is necessary to operate, it is described in the section of the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases.

To define, whether the spark is developed, it is necessary to turn out all candles, to insert into tips and separately to put to weight. Remark: To exclude damage of the catalytic converter, it is necessary to exclude thus gasoline injection. For this purpose расстыкуйте shtekerny connection of injectors. If the spark is not present, define malfunction according to the section of System of electric equipment of the engine.

ATTENTION

Observe security measures at work with electronic system of ignition (the section of System of electric equipment of the engine).


Thus a tip or a cable of ignition do not hold hands, and use well isolated nippers. Ask the assistant to start the engine. If the spark does not slip, define malfunction being guided by the section of System of electric equipment of the engine.

The engine is not turned in attempts of its start

1. Corrosion of plugs of the battery takes place or weakened fastening of tips of wires on them. Check a condition of plugs and tips. Tighten terminal clips, if necessary remove corrosion traces.
2. The battery is discharged or faulty. If tips of wires are found pure and reliably fixed on battery plugs, turn the ignition key in the situation ON, then include head headlights and/or windscreen cleaners. If this electric equipment does not function, the battery is discharged.
3. Transmission it is inexact it is established in the situation "R" (AT) or on neutral transfer (RKPP), or coupling is not squeezed completely out.
4. Conducting in a chain of system of start is torn off or weakened fastening of wires on plugs. Believe, whether is at engine start tension not less than 10 In on the plug 50 traction relays, necessary for retraction. Check a condition of wires, plugs and electric sockets of the battery, the traction relay of a starter and the ignition lock.
5. The gear wheel of a starter is jammed in a gear wreath of a flywheel. On the models equipped with RKPP, establish it on transfer and, ceilings manually the car, turn that its engine. At the first possibility remove a starter and check a condition of a gear wheel and a gear wreath of a flywheel.
6. The traction relay of a starter (the section of System of electric equipment of the engine) is faulty.
7. The starter (the section of System of electric equipment of the engine) is faulty.
8. The ignition lock is faulty.

The engine is turned, but not started

1. Start is incorrectly made

Order of start of the petrol engine:

Cock the parking brake, squeeze out a coupling pedal. On models from AT press and hold a brake pedal. On AT establish the selector in the situation "R" or "N". Do not give some gas. Turn the ignition key and hold, while the engine will not be started. If the engine during 20 with is not started or at once will stop, repeat start process at half pressed pedal of gas. As soon as the engine will be started, release the ignition key.

On a frost below – 15°С and at height more than 1000 m above sea level: Start see off not less than 10 with at half pressed pedal.
Surely at once begin movement. If there is a hard frost let's to the engine work during
30 pages.

If the engine is not started, through 10 with, interrupt start and repeat it through a floor of minute.

ATTENTION

Some unsuccessful attempts of start in a row can damage the catalytic converter since not burned down fuel vzryvoobrazno burns down when heating in the catalytic converter.


Only on the hot engine after start add a little gas.
2. The engine immobilizator is faulty.
3. The safety lock is faulty:

– electric fuel pump;
– electronic system of injection.

Concerning check of safety locks address to subsection Safety locks.
4. An empty fuel tank or poor-quality fuel is filled in.
5. The air filter is strongly polluted. Leakages of vacuum in elements of supply of air, malfunction in a control system of injection of fuel and ignition take place.
6. The battery (the engine is turned too slowly) is discharged. Check electric equipment functioning.
7. Korrodirovana terminal connections of the battery or were weakened by their fastening (address to the previous Section).
8. The fuel pump is faulty.
9. Components of system of ignition (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) are damaged or excessively humidified.
10. Spark plugs are worn-out or faulty or the candle gap (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) is incorrectly exposed.
11. Conducting of an electric contour of system of start is torn off or disconnected or weakened fastening of wires on plugs.
12. Conducting of a contour of the coil of ignition is torn off or disconnected or weakened fastening of wires on coil plugs (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine).
13. Too low pressure of a compression. Replace sealing laying of a head of cylinders. If necessary repair the engine.
Diesel engine:
14. Start is incorrectly made
Order of start of the turbodiesel engine:

On the cold engine and at external temperature below +8°С tighten the parking brake, squeeze out a coupling pedal. On AT establish the selector in the situation "R" or "N" – RKPP. Turn the ignition key in situation II and wait, the control lamp of preheat will not go out yet. At once after the control lamp will go out, start the engine, without giving some gas. If there are irregular flashes do not switch off a starter while the engine will not earn evenly (no more than 30 c). If the engine is not started, through a floor of minute again repeat start as it is described above. In the course of preheat of the engine, it is not necessary to include consumers of a current (light, heating of back glass).

On the cold engine and at external temperature above +8°С, and also at the warm engine preheat is not required. The engine can be started at once. It is not necessary to give gas.
15. The engine immobilizator is faulty.
16. Nyeispraven safety lock:

– electric fuel pump;
– preheat systems.
17. The engine is not heated-up: check serviceability of functioning of the device of preheat.
18. On the electromagnetic locking valve there is no tension. Connect to the switch the voltmeter or a sampler on a light-emitting diode. Include ignition. The light-emitting diode should light up. Otherwise it is necessary to find break of electroconducting and to eliminate it.
19. The electromagnetic locking valve is faulty. Check reliability of fastening of the electromagnetic switch, check contacts. Switch on and off ignition. In the switch click should be distributed.
20. Damage to the line of supply of fuel or air to lines takes place:

a) Pipelines or hoses are mechanically damaged or littered. Clear fuel pipelines and remove air from lines and the filter.
b) The fuel filter is littered. Replace filtering element.
c) In the winter it is necessary to check the filter and pipelines on ice or wax existence. Put the car in heated garage, add in gasoline system.
d) Ventilation of a tank or the mesh filter of a toplivozabornik is littered.

Clean.
21. Adjustment of the beginning of supply of fuel is brought down. Check, make adjustment.
22. Nozzles are faulty. Check. Unscrew consistently cap nuts – at an otvorachivaniye of a nut of the faulty cylinder turns of the engine will not fall.
23. The fuel pump of a high pressure (TNVD) is faulty. Establish for check new, or obviously serviceable TNVD.
24. Too low pressure of a compression. Replace sealing laying of a head of cylinders. If necessary repair the engine.

The starter functions without an engine provorachivaniye

1. The starter gear wheel is jammed. Remove a starter (The head of System of electric equipment of the engine) and check its condition.
2. A teeth of a gear wheel of a starter or a flywheel wreath are worn-out or damaged.

Start of the cold engine is complicated

1. The battery is discharged or insufficiently charged.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment takes place.
3. Paraffin in the filter of thin cleaning of the diesel engine. Replace a filter element. Fill winter fuel, or dilute with gasoline
4. Glow plugs of the diesel engine are faulty.

Start of the hot engine is complicated

1. The air filter is blocked
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment takes place
3. Fuel does not reach injectors of system of injection
4. The corner of an advancing of supply of fuel of the diesel engine got off.
5. A low compression in cylinders, TNVD of the diesel engine is faulty or disadjusted.

Gearing of a starter occurs is too noisy or with difficulty

1. A teeth of a gear wheel of a starter or a flywheel wreath are worn-out or damaged.
2. Bolts of fastening of a starter are lost or weakened effort of their tightening.

The engine is started, but immediately глохнет

1. The engine immobilizator is faulty.
2. Electroconducting is faulty or weakened fastening of wires on coil or generator plugs.
3. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment takes place
4. Base installations of the block of electronic control (ESM) are broken.
5. Damage to release system / catalytic converter.
6. Depression losses through prokladochny surfaces of the inlet pipeline or the block of injection of fuel take place. Make sure of reliability of an inhaling of fixing bolts/nuts, check the fact and quality of fastening on the unions on the inlet pipeline of all vacuum hoses. Check a condition of hoses and correctness of their connection (to the unions).

Stability of operation of the engine on single turns is broken

1. Depression losses take place. Make sure of reliability of an inhaling of fixing bolts/nuts, check the fact and quality of fastening on the unions on the inlet pipeline of all vacuum hoses. Hear to the working engine by means of a stethoscope or a piece of a fuel hose. Existence of a hissing sound will allow to reveal a source of "leakage" of vacuum. It is possible to use for check by solution of soap water not less effectively.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment takes place
3. The valve of system of operated ventilation of a case is blocked
4. The air filter is blocked
5. The fuel pump does not provide giving of enough of fuel to injectors of system of injection
6. Leaks through laying of a head of cylinders take place. Make measurement of kompressionny pressure in engine cylinders.
7. Working ledges of cams of a camshaft are worn-out  
Diesel engine:
8. Quality of connections of fuel hoses on TNVD and the fuel filter is broken. Replace fuel hoses, fix them collars, tighten screws of angular connections.
9. TNVD fastening is mechanically damaged or weakened. Check fastening.
10. Are mixed by junctions of the returnable pipeline and the pipeline of supply of fuel. Connections put on the places. The screw of connection of the returnable pipeline has “OUT” marking.
11. Damage to the line of supply of fuel takes place:

a) Pipelines or hoses are mechanically damaged or littered. Clear fuel pipelines.
b) The fuel filter is littered. Replace filtering element.
c) In the winter it is necessary to check the filter and pipelines on ice or wax existence. Put the car in heated garage, add in gasoline system.
d) Ventilation of a tank or the mesh filter of a toplivozabornik is littered.

Clean.
12. Adjustment of the beginning of supply of fuel is brought down. Check, make adjustment.
13. Nozzles are faulty. Check. Unscrew consistently cap nuts – at an otvorachivaniye of a nut of the faulty cylinder turns of the engine will not fall.
14. The fuel pump of a high pressure (TNVD) is faulty. Establish for check new, or obviously serviceable TNVD.

Ignition admissions take place at operation of the engine on single turns

1. Spark plugs are worn-out or polluted or the candle gap (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) is incorrectly exposed.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment takes place
3. Wires of spark plugs (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) are faulty.
4. Bad quality fuel is filled. The fuel filter is hammered.
5. Depression losses in the inlet pipeline or through shlangovy connections take place
6. There is not enough, or kompressionny pressure in cylinders is non-uniformly distributed. Make compression measurement
7. Violations in work of a control system as the engine take place.

Ignition admissions take place at car movement on transfer

1. The fuel filter is blocked or power supply system pollution takes place
2. Spark plugs are faulty or polluted or the candle gap (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) is incorrectly exposed.
3. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment takes place
4. Defect of candle wires (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) takes place.
5. Components of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases are faulty.
6. Insufficiently or kompressionny pressure is non-uniformly distributed between cylinders. Remove spark plugs and make measurement of kompressionny pressure
7. The ignition system (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) is faulty.
8. Depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through vacuum hoses take place

Engine глохнет

1. Adjustment of turns of idling is broken.
2. The fuel filter is blocked and/or moisture or dirt got to a power supply system
3. Refusal of components of a power supply system or sensors takes place
4. Components of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases are faulty.
5. Spark plugs are faulty or polluted or the candle gap is incorrectly exposed. Also check a condition of candle wires (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine).
6. Depression losses on the case of a throttle or through vacuum hoses take place

The engine does not develop full capacity

1. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) takes place.
2. The air purifier is littered. To clean or replace.
3. Spark plugs are faulty or the candle gap is incorrectly exposed
4. The ignition coil (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) is faulty.
5. There does not correspond to requirements AT liquid level
6. Coupling revolves
7. The fuel filter is blocked and/or dirt/moisture got to a power supply system
8. Fuel not that grade is filled. Fill in in a tank fuel with the demanded octane number.
9. The adjusting valve of a turbokompressor is damaged.
10. The activator of a cam-shaft of shift of phases GRM is faulty.
11. Insufficient or non-uniform on cylinders kompressionny pressure. Make the compression measurement which analysis of results allows to reveal existence of leakages of valves and/or violation of tightness of laying of a head of cylinders
In addition for the diesel engine
12. The air purifier is littered. Clean or replace.
13. Non-uniform supply of TNVD fuel on cylinders. Adjust on the heated-up engine.
14. The moment of the beginning of supply of TNVD fuel is incorrectly established. Establish.
15. The fuel filter or TNVD (nozzle) is littered. Wash out the preliminary filter, replace an element of the filter of thin cleaning, clean a spray or replace the pump (nozzle).
16. Adjustment of the maximum frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft is broken.

There are cottons in system of an admission or shots in release system

1. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) takes place.
2. Defect in a secondary contour of system of ignition (destruction of insulators of spark plugs or defects of candle wires) (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) takes place.
3. The system of injection of fuel or its components needs adjustment are excessively worn-out
4. Depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through vacuum hoses take place
5. Valves are jammed
6. The order of connection of candle wires (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) is broken.

At movement with acceleration or uphill there are detonation sounds

1. Bad quality fuel is filled.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) takes place.
3. Spark plugs not that type are established. Check candles and coils on existence of damages (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine).
4. Base installations of the block of electronic control are broken.
5. The detonation sensor is faulty.
6. Depression losses take place

Kalilny ignition (the engine continues to work after ignition switching off) takes place

1. Idling turns are excessively high
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system or electric equipment (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) takes place.
3. The valve of a purge of an adsorber of system of catching паров fuels (EVAP) is damaged.
4. The working temperature of the engine is excessive. Decrease in level of a cooler, failure of the thermostat, blocking of a radiator or malfunction of the water pump can be the possible reasons of this violation

The diesel engine smokes

1. Black smoke:

a) The air purifier is polluted. Wash out and fill with fresh oil or replace an element.
b) Inappropriate fuel is applied. Wash out a tank and replace fuel.
c) The moment of the beginning of giving of TNVD is incorrectly established.
2. Dark blue smoke:

a) Oil burning in the combustion chamber owing to wear of piston rings, high level of oil in an air purifier, wear of epiploons in covers of a turbokompressor, formation of thinnesses in laying between a block case and a turbokompressor. Repair the engine, establish normal level of oil, replace epiploons, tighten bolts of fastening of a turbokompressor or replace laying.
b) Fuel to one of nozzles does not move. Check on heating of final branch pipes of a collector.
c) Bad dispersion of fuel by a nozzle because of malfunction of the valve or spray break. Grind in the valve or replace a nozzle.
3. White or brown smoke:

a) Low temperature in cooling system. Check the thermostat.
b) Bad work of nozzles owing to wear or spray break. Replace a spray.

Engine electric equipment

The battery does not "hold" a charge


1. The driving belt of the generator is worn-out or damaged, or adjustment of its tension (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) is broken.
2. Level of electrolit is insufficient or the battery (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine) is strongly discharged.
3. Corrosion of plugs of the battery takes place or weakened fastening of tips of wires on them (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine).
4. The generator does not provide a demanded current of a charge (The section of System of electric equipment of the engine).
5. Electroconducting of a charging contour is torn off or is in any other manner damaged or weakened fastening of wires on plugs
6. Short circuit of electroconducting creates continuous leakage of a current developed by the battery on weight
7. Internal defect of the battery takes place.

The control lamp of ignition does not die away at increase in turns

1. The driving belt is weakened. Check a natyazhitel of a maple belt.
2. Damage of the obgonny coupling (only turbodiesel). Remove the generator and turn a power shaft of the generator to the left. If the working surface of a pulley does not rotate, damage, as a rule, in the obgonny coupling.
3. Damage of a regulator of the tension/generator. Disconnect a wire (D +) from a reverse side of the generator and include ignition. If now the control lamp does not light up, malfunction, as a rule, in a regulator of tension or in the generator.
4. Wear of brushes. Visually check brushes, if necessary replace.
5. Regulator damage. Check, if necessary replace.
6. Generator damage. Check, if necessary replace.
7. Wire damage between the generator and a tension regulator. Disconnect a dark blue wire at contact 12 shtekerny connections Т32а and at the dashboard block. If now the control lamp does not light up, the wire of D + has connection with weight. Replace a plait.
8. Damage of the block of the dashboard. If after a detachment of a dark blue wire from shtekerny connection Т32а at the included ignition the control lamp lights up, malfunction, as a rule, in the dashboard block.

The control lamp of ignition does not light up at ignition key turn in the situation "ON" (at ignition inclusion)

1. Fused or otherwise the control lamp on the dashboard failed
2. The generator is faulty
3. Defect of the printed-circuit board, conducting in the block of a control panel or the boss of a lamp takes place

The control lamp of a charge burns after ignition switching off

Plusovye diodes have short circuit. Check diodes, replace a diode payment.

Starter

If the starter does not turn, at first it is necessary to check, that on the plug 50 traction relays at least 10 V.Esli's necessary tension tension was lower than this value, it is necessary to check the wires entering into a contour of a current of a starter according to the scheme.

Whether works a starter at full tension of the battery, it is possible to check as follows:

– not including transfers, include ignition.
– перемкните starter plugs 30 and 50 a wire of section at least 4 mm2, address also to the Section “Check of the traction relay”.

If the starter works faultlessly, the cause of defect should be looked for in wires to a starter. If the starter does not earn, it should be checked in the removed condition.

Check condition: In places of connection of a wire should be well fixed and should not be oxidized.

The starter does not rotate at turning on of the lock of ignition

1. The battery is discharged. Charge the battery.
2. To Peremknita of the starter plug 30 and 50: The starter rotates. Break of a wire 50 to the ignition lock, is faulty the starter switch. Eliminate break, replace defective details.
3. Break of a cable or the weight socket, the battery it is discharged. Check cables and battery sockets, measure tension of the battery, if necessary charge.
4. Insufficient passing of a current owing to the weakened or oxidized sockets. Clear poles and battery plugs, check connections between the battery, a starter and weight.
5. There is no tension on the plug 50 traction relays. Wire break, the switch of a starter is faulty.

The starter rotates slowly and does not turn the crankshaft

1. Battery category. Charge the battery.
2. Summer oil is filled in. Fill in all-weather oil.
3. Insufficient passing of a current owing to the weakened or oxidized sockets. Clear poles and battery plugs, check connections between the battery, a starter and weight.
4. Coal brushes do not adjoin to a collector, jam in directing, are worn-out, broken, greasy or polluted. Check brushes, clear or replace. Check the directing.
5. Insufficient distance between brushes and a collector. Replace brushes and clear directing brushes.
6. The collector in grooves or scorched and was made oily. Process a collector or replace an anchor.
7. There is no tension on the plug 50 (minute 8 In). Check the switch of a starter or the traction relay.
8. The bearing is broken. Check the bearing, if necessary replace.
9. The traction relay is faulty. Replace the traction relay.

The starter seizes and rotates the engine breakthroughs

1. The gear wheel drive is faulty. Replace a gear wheel drive.
2. The gear wheel is polluted. Clear a gear wheel.
3. The gear wreath of a flywheel is faulty. Process a gear wreath if it is required, replace a flywheel.

The gear wheel of a starter does not depart from a wreath

1. The drive of a gear wheel or a carving are polluted or damaged. Clear or replace a gear wheel drive.
2. The traction relay is faulty. Replace the traction relay.
3. The returnable spring weakened or became torn. Replace a returnable spring.

The starter continues to work after an ignition key otpuskaniye

1. The traction relay jammed, is not disconnected. At once switch off ignition, replace the traction relay.
2. The ignition lock is not disconnected. At once disconnect the battery, replace the ignition lock.

Power supply system

Fuel consumption is excessive

1. The element of the air filter is polluted or blocked.
2. Malfunction of components of a power supply system, electric equipment or electronic control takes place
3. Leaks in system of an admission of air.
4. Damages of system of release / catalytic converter.
5. Pressure in tires does not suffice or tires not are established that size.
Diesel engine
6. Contamination of the returnable pipeline. Blow air the returnable pipeline from TNVD to a fuel tank.
7. Too high turns of idling and maximum turns. Adjust.
8. The engine has mechanical damages. Check a compression, if necessary repair the engine.

Leakages of fuel take place and/or there is a gasoline smell

1. There are leaks in lines of supply of fuel or ventilating lines
2. The fuel tank is overflowed. Filling make only before automatic shutdown of the gun.
3. Leaks or evaporations from lines of a power supply system and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases take place

The engine is not started

1. At starter inclusion the electric fuel pump does not work (is not audible noise from work). Slightly knock on the pump case to release jammed detail. Check, whether tension is put to the pump. Check serviceability of a safety lock. Check electric contacts on good conductivity.
2. The relay of the fuel pump is faulty. Check the relay.
3. Zalipli valves of injectors. Check injectors, if necessary replace. Check tension giving on injectors. For this purpose расстыкуйте socket of injectors. Attach a diode control lamp to a wire and include a starter. The control lamp should blink.
4. There is no signal from sensors of the moment of ignition or the sensor of turns of the engine. Check electric wires. Poll memory of malfunctions.
5. Fuel pipelines are damaged, littered or are not tight, there are defects of hoses.
6. The fuel filter is littered.
7. Ice or wax existence in the filter or pipelines of the diesel engine.
8. Ventilation of a fuel tank is hammered, the filter in a tank is littered.
9. Nozzles of the diesel engine are damaged. Unscrew in turn cap nuts and check, whether the corresponding cylinder works.

The cold engine is started badly, works unstably

1. The contents WITH does not correspond to requirements. Check the contents WITH and idling.
2. The temperature sensor is faulty. Check the sensor of temperature of cooling liquid / soaked-up air.
3. Pressure of fuel does not correspond to demanded value. Check pressure of fuel.

The warm engine is started badly, works unstably

1. The system of an admission of air is not tight. Check inlet system. For this purpose leave the engine to idle and cover places of consolidations and connection on an inlet path with gasoline. If the number of turns increases by short time, eliminate not tight places.

ATTENTION

Pairs of gasoline are poisonous, do not inhale them.



The engine works with interruptions

1. Electric connections to the fuel pump interrupt from time to time. Check a condition of shtekerny connections and sockets of electric wires of the fuel pump, a measuring instrument of a stream of air and the relay of the fuel pump. Check a safety lock and places of contacts on the relay of the fuel pump. Clear contacts, if necessary replace.
2. Poor quality of fuel, formation of steam jams. Fill qualitative fuel.
3. Too low volume of supply of fuel. Check productivity of the pump.
4. The fuel filter is faulty. Replace the fuel filter.
5. The fuel pump is faulty. Check the fuel pump.
6. Injectors are faulty. Check injectors.
7. The sensor of provisions of a butterfly valve is faulty. Check the sensor of provisions of a butterfly valve.
8. Weak fastening of fuel hoses to TNVD and the fuel filter of the diesel engine.

The engine works with interruptions in work at transitional modes and an idling mode

1. The system of an admission of air is not tight. Check connections of inlet system. Start the engine and grease with gasoline of a place of contact and connection in a soaking-up path. If engine turns quickly increase, eliminate a leakage.
2. Idling adjustment is incorrect. Check an idling regulator, the sensor of provisions of a butterfly valve, a lambda adjustment.
3. The sensor of full loading is faulty or incorrectly adjusted. Check the butterfly valve sensor.

The hot engine is not started

1. Incorrect adjustment of the contents WITH. Check the contents WITH and idling.
2. Too high pressure in fuel system. Check pressure of fuel, if necessary replace a pressure regulator.
3. The returnable pipeline between a regulator of pressure and a fuel tank is littered or will bend. Clean or replace the pipeline.
4. The sensor of temperature of the engine is faulty. Check the temperature sensor.
5. The power supply system is not tight. Make visual survey of all connections in the field of the engine and the electric fuel pump. Tighten all connections.
6. The system of an admission of air is not tight. Check all connections of inlet system.

The engine works after switching off

1. Injectors are not tight. Check injectors.
2. The valve of an otsechka of fuel does not work at the diesel engine.

Greasing system

The control lamp does not burn after ignition inclusion


1. The sensor of pressure of oil is faulty. Include ignition, disconnect a wire from the sensor of pressure of oil and close on weight. If the lamp lights up, replace the sensor.
2. On the sensor tension, contacts корродированы does not move. Check electric wires and contacts.
3. The control lamp is faulty. Replace a control lamp.
4. The monitor is faulty. Replace a monitor.

The control lamp does not die away after engine start

Oil перегрето. Fir-trees the control lamp dies away after supply of gas, to do it is required nothing.

The control lamp does not die away after supply of gas or lights up during movement

1. Pressure of oil the too low. Check oil level, if necessary add. Check pressure of oil.
2. The wire to the sensor of pressure of oil has short circuit on weight. Disconnect a cable from the sensor and take aside (without closing on weight), include ignition. If the lamp lights up, check a wire.
3. The sensor of pressure of oil is faulty. Replace the sensor.

Too low pressure of oil on all turns

1. In the engine there is not enough oil. Add oil.
2. The mesh filter is littered. Remove the case pallet, clear the mesh filter.
3. The oil pump is worn-out. Remove the oil pump and check it, if necessary replace.
4. Damages of bearings. Remove the engine.

Too low pressure of oil on small turns

The Reduktsionny valve залип abroach because of pollution. Remove and check the valve.

Too high pressure of oil at number of turns is higher than 2000 rpm

The Reduktsionny valve does not open because of pollution. Remove and check the valve.

Cooling system

Overheat

1. The cooler in system does not suffice
2. The driving belt of the water pump is worn-out or damaged or adjustment of its tension is broken
3. Internal channels of a radiator are blocked or is polluted the front grille (is blocked)
4. The thermostat is faulty
5. Fan blades are broken or burst
6. The vyazkostny coupling of the fan is faulty. Check the fan coupling: Increase turns of the heated-up engine. As soon as the temperature of liquid will reach 90 – 95°С, fan turns that will be appreciable aurally will raise.
7. The index of temperature of cooling liquid is faulty. Check the sensor.
8. The pump of cooling liquid is faulty. Remove and check the pump.
9. Does not hold pressure a radiator cover. Make cover check by pressure (address on car repair shop).

Overcooling

1. The thermostat is faulty
2. Indications of a measuring instrument of temperature are inexact.

External leakages of a cooler

1. Hoses are damaged or destroyed as a result of material aging or weakened fastening them on unions. Replace hoses and/or tighten collars of their fastening
2. Epiploons of the water pump are spoiled. In this case the cooler will exude through a control opening in the pump case
3. Leaks from internal channels of a radiator or the lateral tank (ов) take place. Professional repair of a radiator is required
4. Leaks through a drain stopper of the engine or vyzhimny jams of water galleries take place

Internal leakages of a cooler


ATTENTION

Internal leakages of a cooler usually come to light by check of a condition of impellent oil. Examine an edge measuring щупа and internal surfaces of a cover (covers) of cylinders on existence of traces of water and oil foaming.


1. Leaks through laying of a head of cylinders take place. Make check of system of cooling by pressure.
2. There are cracks on walls of cylinders or in head molding. For check disassemble the engine

There are cooler losses

1. In system too much cooler is filled
2. The cooler boils away as a result of an engine overheat
3. Internal or external leakages of a cooler take place
4. The radiator cover is faulty. Check a cover pressure.

Cooler circulation is broken

1. The water pump does not function properly. It is simplest to make sure of functioning of the pump having pressed the top hose of a radiator at the engine working at single turns. If at an otpuskaniye of a hose the liquid push in it is felt, the pump functions regularly
2. Passableness of system of cooling is broken. Merge a cooler, wash out system and fill it more freshly смесьюЕсли there is such need, remove a radiator and carry out its obratnopotochny washing.
3. The driving belt of the water pump is worn-out or damaged or adjustment of its tension is broken
4. The thermostat is jammed

Heater

The fan of a heater does not work

1. The safety lock of the motor of the fan is faulty. Check a fan safety lock, if necessary replace.
2. The fan switch is faulty. Check, whether tension is put to preresistors, remove and check the fan switch.
3. The electromotor is faulty. Check, whether tension is put to contacts of the motor of the fan at the included ignition and the closed switch of the fan. If tension is put, replace the motor.

The fan of a heater does not work at one of steps

The preresistor is faulty. Replace a connection payment.

The heater is not switched off by a regulator

1. The switch is faulty. Check the switch.
2. Cables of an adjusting mixing zaslonka are damaged or badly mobile. Replace cables.

Too low capacity of heating

1. Too low level of cooling liquid. Check level of cooling liquid, if necessary add.
2. The control unit of a heater has a heavy course, is faulty. Check the heater control unit, if necessary replace a cable.

Noise in the field of the heater fan

1. Dirt, leaves got. Remove the fan and clean it, clear the air channel.
2. Disbalance of a krylchatka, malfunction of the bearing. Remove the fan motor, check ease of a course.

Coupling

Coupling is not switched off (a control lever of RKPP is not transferred freely to the provision of a reverse gear and back at the pedal of coupling squeezed out to a floor)

Will bend or is damaged a coupling disk

Coupling revolves (turns of the engine raise without increase in speed of movement of the car)

1. The disk of coupling is polluted by oil or its frictional slips are wiped. Remove coupling and check a condition of its components.
2. The coupling disk was not earned extra properly. For final extra earnings of a new disk it can be demanded from 30 to 40 normal starts of the car.
3. It is worn-out press a coupling disk/basket

At inclusion of coupling there is a strong vibration

1. The coupling disk is greasy. Remove coupling and check a condition of its components. Eliminate all revealed leaks.
2. Shlitsa of a nave of a conducted disk (a coupling disk) are worn-out. Remove coupling and check a condition of its components.
3. The disk/basket of coupling or a flywheel will bend press. Remove coupling and check a condition of its components and a flywheel.

Breakthroughs at coupling work

1. Damage of support of the engine and transmission. Check, if necessary replace.
2. Weakening of fastening of a transmission in a suspension bracket. Tighten fastening bolts.
3. Non-uniform prileganiye of a press disk. Replace a coupling basket.
4. The cranked shaft is not centered with a transmission. Check centering.

Squeal or roar arise at complete inclusion of coupling (the pedal is released)

The coupling bearing is jammed vyzhimny. Remove coupling and check a bearing condition. Remove all agnails and teases, and grease the bearing before installation into place.

Squeal or roar arise at complete switching off of coupling (the pedal is squeezed out)

1. The bearing is worn-out or damaged vyzhimny
2. Springs (or diaphragm petals) a press disk in a coupling basket are worn-out or damaged

The pedal of coupling remains squeezed out to a floor after its otpuskaniye

The piston of the main thing or the working cylinder of coupling is jammed. Damages of hydrosystem of coupling or vyzhimny bearing. Check a condition, if necessary remove coupling components.

Manual box of gear shifting (RKPP)

At established on neutral transfer of a check point to operating time of the engine extraneous noise take place


1. The bearing of primary shaft is worn-out.
2. The bearing of a leading gear wheel of a conducted shaft is damaged.
3. Bearings of an intermediate shaft are worn-out.
4. Washers of adjustment axial люфта an intermediate shaft are worn-out or damaged.

Extraneous noise take place in any situation RKPP

1. Any of above-mentioned reasons and/or:
2. In RKPP the insufficient amount of transmission oil (its level fell) is filled in.

Extraneous noise arise on any concrete transfer

1. A teeth of a gear wheel of this transfer is worn-out, damaged or chopped off.
2. The synchronizer of this transfer is worn-out or damaged.

There are "soskakivany" check points from the highest transfer

Between a boat of a box and the engine dirt or a box got was displaced in relation to the engine.

At gear shifting there are complications

1. It is not squeezed completely out coupling (is switched off).
2. овреждена draft of switching, weakened its fastening or adjustment is broken. Make careful check of a condition of components, in case of need replace the defective.

Leakages of transmission oil take place

1. In a check point the excessive amount of transmission oil is filled. In case of need merge surplus.
2. Differential epiploons need replacement.

Automatic transmission (AT)
ATTENTION

In view of complexity of a design of AT complete diagnostics of its malfunctions and repair of components are inaccessible to qualification of the average amateur mechanic. At emergence of any, excellent from listed below problems of functioning of AT the car should be driven away for check and repair in a workshop of car-care center or representation office of the AUDI A3 company.



The common problems connected with functioning of the mechanism of switching

It is possible to carry the following to number of the refusals connected with violation of adjustment of draft of switching:

a) Start of the engine is possible at provisions of transmission, distinct from "R" (Parking) and “N” (Neutral).
b) Indications of the indicator of provision of transmission differ from really chosen transfer.
c) The car moves at the transmission established in the situation "R".

Make adjustment of draft of gear shifting

Transmission revolves, is switched hardly, publishes extraneous noise or does not provide car movement at installation on one of lobbies or a reverse gear

1. There is a set of the possible reasons of the problems listed in heading, however under competence of the amateur mechanic one of them - the wrong level of transmission liquid gets only.
2. Before driving away the car in a workshop of car-care center check level and a condition of transmission liquid (Chapter 1). Modify level according to requirements of Specifications or replace liquid together with the filter. If the situation was not corrected, address for the help to experts.

Leakages of transmission liquid take place

1. AT liquid has dark red color. Traces of its leaks should not be confused to traces of impellent oil which can be demolished on a case of transmission by a running stream of air.
2. For identification and localization of a source of leak first of all remove from a transmission boat all traces of dirt and greasing. Use a suitable obezzhirivatel and/or make steam cleaning. Then make on the car a short trip on small speed (that traces of leak did not communicate a running stream far from its source). Stop, поддомкратьте the car and by visual survey establish a leak source. More often as those act:

a) Pallet of a case of transmission: Tighten fixing bolts and/or replace pallet laying.
b) Tube of the gulf of liquid: Replace rubber consolidation in a place of an entrance of a tube in a transmission case.
c) Lines of transmission liquid: Tighten shtutserny connections or replace lines.
d) Ventilating tube: Transmission is overflowed and/or water got to it.

Bridges

Extraneous noise

1. Usual road noise. To adjustment do not give in.
2. Noise of tires. Check a condition of protectors and pressure of a rating of tires.
3. Bearings of wheels are worn-out or damaged, or weakened effort of their tightening.

Vibrations

Check a condition of bearings of wheels, serially poddomkrachivy corresponding from corners of the car and rotating a wheel in the manual. Listen thus to sounds starting with the bearing. Remove bearings and check their condition.

Leakages of oil

Epiploons of power shafts are damaged

Brake system
ATTENTION

Before coming to the final conclusion about existence of problems with brake system make sure that tires are in a satisfactory condition and are pumped up with demanded pressure, adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels and the car is not broken is not loaded non-uniformly.


The increased course of a pedal of a brake

The brake contour failed. Check, whether brake liquid follows.

The pedal of a brake springs and fails

1. Air in brake system. Remove air from system.
2. There is not enough liquid in the tank. Add new brake liquid, remove from system air.
3. Formation of vials of steam. It is shown, mainly, at big load of brakes. Replace brake liquid, remove air from system.

Decrease in effect of braking, pedal fails

1. Pipeline leakage. Tighten connections of the pipeline or replace tubes.
2. Damage of cuffs to the main thing or working brake cylinders. Replace a cuff. In the main brake cylinder replace internal elements, if necessary replace the main cylinder
3. Rubber laying is damaged. Repair a support.

Bad braking despite big effort of pressing of a pedal

1. Brake slips are greasy. Replace brake shoes.
2. The improper or hardened blocks are established. Replace blocks. Establish original blocks of AUDI.
3. The brake amplifier is faulty. Check the brake amplifier.
4. Brake shoes are worn-out. Replace brake shoes.

When braking the car withdraws aside

1. Pressure in tires does not correspond to the demanded. Check and modify pressure in tires.
2. Non-uniform wear of tires. Replace worn-out tires.
3. Brake shoes are greasy. Replace blocks.
4. On one axis different brake shoes are established. Replace blocks. Establish original blocks of AUDI.
5. Bad condition of brake shoes. Replace blocks.
6. Mines of supports are polluted. Clear directing and landing surfaces of blocks in a support.
7. Corrosion of cylinders of brake supports. Replace a support.
8. Non-uniform wear of a brake shoe. Replace brake shoes (on both wheels).

The brake is tightened in itself

1. The compensatory opening in the main brake cylinder is littered. Clean the main cylinder and replace internal elements.
2. Too small gap between a driving rod and the piston of the main brake cylinder. Check a gap.

Brakes heat up during movement

1. The compensatory opening in the main brake cylinder is littered. Clear the main cylinder and replace internal elements.
2. Too small gap between a driving rod and the piston of the main brake cylinder. Check a gap.
3. The drosseliruyushchy opening in the special valve on the bottom is littered. Clear the main brake cylinder, replace internal elements and brake liquid.

Brakes shiver

1. Blocks of inadequate type are established. Replace blocks, establish original blocks of AUDI.
2. Brake disk in places корродирован. Carefully grind a brake disk.
3. The brake disk has lateral palpation. A disk process or replace.

Brake shoes do not depart from a brake disk, the wheel is hardly turned by a hand

Corrosion in cylinders of brake supports. Repair a support, probably replace.

Non-uniform wear of blocks

1. Blocks of inappropriate type are established. Replace blocks, establish original blocks of AUDI.
2. The support is polluted. Clear support mine.
3. Heavy piston stroke. Eliminate.
4. The brake system is not tight. Check tightness of brake system.

Wedge-shaped wear of brake shoes

1. The brake disk rotates not parallel to a support. Check surfaces of a prileganiye of a support.
2. Corrosion in supports. Eliminate pollution.
3. The piston works incorrectly. Check position of the piston.

Scratch of brakes

1. Often reason in atmospheric influence (humidity of air). If the scratch appears after long parking at the increased humidity and then vanishes, anything it is not necessary to do.
2. Blocks of inappropriate type are established. Replace blocks, establish original blocks of AUDI A3, cover basis plates with protivoskripny paste.
3. The brake disk rotates not parallel to a support. Check surfaces of a prileganiye of a brake support.
4. The support mine is polluted. Clear support mine
5. Pognuta of a spring of fastening of blocks. Replace fastening springs.
6. Press springs are stretched. Replace press springs.

Pulsation of a pedal of a brake

1. ABS in operation. Normally, the help is not required.
2. Too big lateral palpation or the admission on thickness of a brake disk. Check palpation and thickness. Process or replace a disk.
3. The brake disk rotates not parallel to a support. Check a surface of a prileganiye of a support.

The control lamp of ABS lights up during movement

1. Too low voltage of a food (below 10 In). Check tension. Check, whether the control lamp of the generator after engine start dies away. If everything is all right, check maple a belt of a drive of the generator.
2. ABS damage. Check reliability of contact and existence of corrosion of accession of weight at the returnable pump (in the hydraulic block).

Suspension bracket and steering

The car withdraws at movement in one of the parties
SEQUENCE OF ACTIONS
1. Tires are pumped non-uniformly up.
2. Defect of tires takes place.
3. Suspension bracket or steering components are excessively worn-out
4. Carrying out adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels is required.
5. Forward brake mechanisms are taken

Breakthroughs, derganye or vibrations take place

1. Balancing of wheels is broken or there was an ovality of disks. Make balancing in a shinomontazhny workshop.
2. Bearings of wheels are worn-out, weakened effort of their tightening or adjustment is broken
3. Shock-absorbers or other components of a suspension bracket are worn-out or damaged

Excessive rocking of the car or "zaryvaniye" his nose on turns takes place or when braking

1. Shock-absorbers are faulty. Replace all set
2. Springs and/or other components of a suspension bracket are broken or weakened. Make check of a condition of components

Too hardly the steering wheel rotates

1. Liquid level excessively fell in the tank of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
2. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
3. Hinges of a steering drive are insufficiently greased
4. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels is broken.
5. The hydraulic booster does not develop the demanded capacity

Takes place excessive люфт a steering

1. Weakened effort of a tightening of bearings of forward wheels
2. Suspension bracket or steering components are excessively worn-out

The system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel does not develop due effort

1. The driving belt of the pump of the hydraulic booster is worn-out or damaged or adjustment of his tension is broken
2. Level of hydraulic liquid excessively fell
3. Passableness of hoses or lines of hydraulic system is broken. Check, in case of need make replacements.
4. Air got to hydraulic system. Pump over system

Excessive wear of protectors (not in one any area) takes place

1. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
2. Balancing of wheels is broken. Address in a shinomontazhny workshop.
3. Disks of wheels are damaged. Check, in case of need make replacement.
4. Suspension bracket or steering components are excessively worn-out.

Excessive wear of protectors on external edge takes place

1. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
2. Turns are too sharply made. Reduce speed.
3. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels (excessive convergence) is broken. Address in a workshop for carrying out professional adjustment.
4. Will bend or is braided the suspension bracket lever.

Excessive wear of protectors on internal edge takes place

1. Tires are pumped incorrectly up.
2. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels (divergence) is broken. Make adjustment in a car-care center workshop.
3. Components of a steering are damaged or weakened their fastening.

Local wear of a protector takes place

1. Balancing of wheels is broken.
2. Are damaged or погнуты disks. Check, in case of need make replacement.
3. Defect of tires takes place.

Defects of brushes of a screen wiper

Proskalzyvaniye

1. Elastic bands are polluted. Clear elastic bands a rigid nylon brush and solution of detergent or alcohol.
2. Shabby edges of brushes, elastic bands are worn-out or broken off. Replace elastic bands.
3. The old elastic bands, the cracked surfaces. Replace elastic bands.

In the field of cleaning the water remains gather at once to drops

The windscreen is polluted by varnish polish or oil. Clear a windscreen a pure rag with an udalitel of greasing, oil, силиконов.

The brush clears unilaterally - in one party well, in another is not present

1. The elastic band is deformed in one party “does not overturn any more”. Establish a new elastic band.
2. The lever of a screen wiper is braided, the brush not precisely adjoins to glass. Carefully turn the lever, vertical situation will not be reached yet.

Crude surfaces

1. The elastic band escaped from a frame. Carefully insert an elastic band into a frame.
2. The brush adjoins to glass non-uniformly as spring levels or plates are bent. Replace a brush. This malfunction first of all appears at negligent installation of a spare brush.
3. Force of pressing by the lever is too small. Slightly grease hinges of levers of a screen wiper and a spring or establish the new lever.

Defects of tires

Strong wear of the tire on both parties of a working surface

Too low pressure in tires.

Strong wear of the tire in the middle of a working surface, on all circle

Too high pressure in tires.

Non-uniform wear of a protector

Static and dynamic disbalance of a wheel. Too big lateral palpation of a disk, too big люфт in bearing hinges is possible.

Non-uniform wear in the middle of a protector

Static disbalance of a wheel. The consequence of strong vertical palpation is possible.

Strong wear of separate places in the middle of a working surface

Blocking traces at complete braking.

Sawtooth wear of a protector. Often together with a rupture of a fabric basis which is not visible outside

Car overload. Check an internal part of the tire on ruptures of a basis.

Rubber uvulas at lateral edges of a protector

Wrong adjustment of corners of installation of wheels. The tire is worn-out. On back wheels also check a shock-absorber condition.

Formation of agnails on one party of a protector of a forward wheel

Wrong adjustment of a convergence. The tire is worn-out. Frequent movement on wavy surfaces. Fast movement on turns.

Ruptures of a cord. At first are visible only from within

Moving through sharp stones, blows of tires, etc. on high speed.

Unilaterally worn-out working surface

1. Check disorder adjustment.
2. ABS damage. Check reliability of contact of connection with the case at the returnable pump (in the hydraulics block).